The concept of home is an entirely subjective matter. Where some find their base and refuge, others cannot imagine themselves living. Still, each of us is able to recognize that feeling of having found our home. The search for a home – physical or spiritual – is, for many people, a search for fulfilment. This could be part of the reason why, in democratic societies, we see a growing conviction that human lives should not be limited by state borders. It should be admitted, however, that no matter how progressive this idea is, it still clashes with the traditional juridical-political possibilities of protection of citizens (including their homes) that confine individual freedom to the legislation of a particular constitutional system in exchange for security. The guarantee of protection and freedom, which seeks to overcome humans’ incapacity for true objectivity, is a legacy of the French Revolution that has yet to be overcome and directly results in the setting of political borders that mark the sphere of protection of one’s rights and property.
We find ourselves in an ideological contradiction between what we feel to be morally right given the current state of development of global society – freedom of movement – and what we are able to guarantee in accordance with modern concepts of democratic power – the protection of citizens politically and economically. The urge to synchronize these two demands emanates from two sides. The citizens of modern, developed democracies more commonly find in nomadic existence an opportunity to enrich the quality of their lives, often in connection with a conscious approach to environmental protection. Their concept of home is closely connected with their awareness of individual freedom and the guarantee of security. These are probably the crucial conditions that allow the concept of home to be turned into a lifestyle rather than a question of existence. As a counterpart to the nomads by choice there is a considerably bigger group of people who are forced to migrate, most of whom long for a stable home in the sense of a fixed place and lifestyle.
The urging situation regarding the Russian invasion to Ukraine, relicts of colonialism in Africa and Latin America, power-political conflicts in the Middle East and again in Africa, the climate crisis that we know will affect mostly the poorest countries, and even the persisting pandemic: all of these make migration and freedom of movement primarily political questions. However, this festival’s tradition is to open the artistic discussion to the broadest extent possible, to offer a diverse spectrum of views in order to help us, in mutual confrontation, move forward, “beyond the borders” of our thinking.
Festival z verejných zdrojov podporil Fond na podporu umenia.